Understanding the Impacts of Lockdown during COVID-19 Pandemic on Financial Threat and Psychological Response among Sarawak Adults


  • Nurkhalida Suut Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Aainaa Nasha Mohamad Azlan Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Siti Jamilah Jamaluddin Jugah Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Chuong Hock Ting Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Nurul Husna Syaffa Amin Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Muhmmad Ainul Rashyid Aris Mohd Aris Fadillah Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Zurraini Arabi Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)




The Malaysian government announced the lockdown measures following the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in mid-March 2020. This action unavoidably led to economic instability and negative psychological effects. The present study examines perceived financial threats and psychological impacts on Sarawak adults during lockdown for the COVID-19 pandemic. Data from 336 respondents were collected from all divisions in Sarawak using an online self-reported questionnaire that included sociodemographic, the Financial Threat Scale (FTS), and the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales 21 (DASS-21). Results showed that perceived financial threat was associated with the employment sector, the number of children, and the change in income during the lockdown period. Almost half (47.9%) of the respondents perceived moderate-to-severe financial threat, particularly self-employed persons and those who had reduced income during the lockdown. Negative psychological effects were found to be associated with the employment sector, marital status, number of children, and number of liabilities. In general, people who perceived severe financial threats were significantly associated with severe levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. The study provided some insights into the urgent need to build on strategic plans to mitigate the economic and psychological crisis for the affected communities.


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DOI: 10.33102/uij.vol33no3.358
Published: 2021-08-16

How to Cite

Suut, N. ., Mohamad Azlan, A. N. ., Jamaluddin Jugah, S. J. ., Ting, C. H., Amin, N. H. S., Mohd Aris Fadillah, M. A. R. A. ., & Arabi, Z. . (2021). Understanding the Impacts of Lockdown during COVID-19 Pandemic on Financial Threat and Psychological Response among Sarawak Adults. Ulum Islamiyyah, 33(3), 45-57. https://doi.org/10.33102/uij.vol33no3.358