Ulum Islamiyyah https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij <p> </p> <p align="justify"><strong>ULUM ISLAMIYYAH</strong> is a refereed journal published by USIM Press (Penerbit USIM), Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) annually in April, August and December. It serves as a platform to publish scholarly works and researches undertaken at the Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, as well as other institutions that promote, enhance and contribute to an inclusive understanding of Islam and Muslims in the contemporary world. ULUM ISLAMIYYAH publishes original research-based articles, concept papers, review papers, case studies, book reviews in English, Arabic and Malay, in the area of social sciences, humanities, arts and literature.</p> <p align="justify"><strong><img src="https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/public/site/images/adminuij/cover-ulum-edited-22.jpg" alt="" width="272" height="393" /></strong></p> <p align="justify"> </p> en-US ahmadzaki@usim.edu.my (Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Zaki Salleh) ahmadzaki@usim.edu.my (Mohamad Zulhilmi Mohd Nazar) Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Survival of the Fittest: The Case of the Madrasahs at the Height of the Covid-19 Pandemic https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/487 <p>The madrasah has been an important educational institution for Muslim in providing young children with religious instructions. It has been responsible for transmitting Islamic knowledge, value and culture. This qualitative study employing phenomenology aimed to determine the survival of the Islamic schools in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic in the Municipality of Kabacan, Cotabato. Results showed they strictly heeded on the health protocols and they linked ties with the community and stakeholders. Aside from that, they faced different challenges such as the continuity of the learners and in overseeing the students where they have to observe the protocols. Lastly, they faced the challenges by convening the stakeholders and anchoring their faith to the Almighty Allah (SWT). Implications of the study were discussed.</p> Ali K. Dilangalen, Jerson Catoto Copyright (c) 2022 Ali K. Dilangalen, Jerson Catoto http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/487 Fri, 16 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 The Asnaf Zakat Entrepreneurship Research Trend: A Systematic Literature Review https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/499 <p>Entrepreneurship is proven as a medium for lifting an economic state of an individual or a community. It is also can be considered as an alternative area to be explored especially in the current situation where the world is affected by the pandemic of COVID-19 globally. It justifies the need to research this topic to leverage its benefits to various perspectives including the <em>asnaf</em> community. Unfortunately, despite its importance, limited studies have been found were conducted on entrepreneurship in asnaf community. Therefore, this research is initiating research on this topic by conducting a systematic literature review of the published works on entrepreneurship among <em>asnaf</em> community to explore the trend of the existing research works. A PRISMA approach is adapted to collect the relevant literature that is scoped only to the Scopus and Web of Science (WoS) databases. The result obtained from this research found that there are 12 articles in total that have discussed on asnaf zakat entrepreneurship topic. A thorough thematic analysis conducted on the extracted articles has categorized the research into three major themes, namely, the <em>asnaf</em> behaviour and attitude, zakat institution governance, and effectiveness of the entrepreneurial program. Based on the discussion, future research on this topic that can propose a comprehensive zakat entrepreneurship model is required to ensure a better impact of the zakat entrepreneurship programs. Thus, this research can provide a relevant article extracted from SCOPUS and WoS for future reference on this topic.</p> Ikmal Hafiz Jamal, Mohd Afandi Mat Rani, Mohd Izzat Amsyar Mohd Arif, Faezy Adenan, Norazlina Mamat Copyright (c) 2022 Ikmal Hafiz Jamal, Mohd Afandi Mat Rani, Mohd Izzat Amsyar Mohd Arif, Faezy Adenan, Norazlina Mamat http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/499 Fri, 16 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Insights into the Current Phase of Metaverse and Its Impacts on Muslim Youth: A Broad-Spectrum Cognizance https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/468 <p>Education is one of the most important tools in the upbringing of our younger generations. With the advancement in scientific research and technology, seeking knowledge, assembling literature, and attending smart classes have aided students largely. However, at the same time, the rapid growth of the technological and digitalized world has created havoc among the younger generations that are spending much time on the internet, social media and video gaming platforms provided by a massive number of smartphones. The large-scale consumption of these electronic devices has trapped individuals particularly the student communities in a new phase of the Metaverse. Although this digitalized phase has aided in the academic performances of the students, however, it has also brought many negative impacts like mental health issues, anxiety, insomnia, suicides, and drug abuse among students from primary schools up to the university level. The present study aims to provide an overview of internet and social media addiction among Muslim youth and potential approaches to regulate the overwhelming impacts on their health.</p> Muzafar Riyaz Copyright (c) 2022 Muzafar Riyaz http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/468 Fri, 16 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Medical Marijuana From Medicine, Legal And Islamic Law Perspective: A Review https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/495 <p>Possessing, processing and distributing marijuana or cannabis is illegal in many countries, especially Malaysia. Individuals guilty of that act may face imprisonment and even a death sentence even though cannabis oil and its derivative in the medical field have become more prevalent and have been legalised in many countries and recently in Thailand, a Malaysian neighbour. The Malaysian government is also evaluating and detailing the users and will have its final stand by 2022. Various studies proved marijuana to be beneficial for specific medical conditions. Thus, this paper aims to explore the current evidence of the use of medical marijuana from medical, legal and Islamic law views. The literature search was conducted online using various platforms such as google scholar, Pubmed, ScienceDirect, Medline EBSCO host and DOAJ. The search term includes "medical marijuana", "cannabis oils", "cannabis law", "Medical Marijuana Law", "cannabis"," marijuana legal", and "Islamic perspective". The content further discusses the medical perspective of marijuana, including its pharmacology, potential benefits and risks. In addition, the legal and Islamic views on medical marijuana, especially regarding the medical marijuana laws and Islamic rulings on marijuana use, will also be discussed.</p> Dr Siti Fatimah, Mohd Rahman Omar, Fatimah Zanirah Nordin , Dr Mohammad Naqib Copyright (c) 2022 Dr Siti Fatimah, Mohd Rahman Omar, Fatimah Zanirah Nordin , Dr Mohammad Naqib http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/495 Fri, 16 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 A Review of The Notion of Healthy Eating Practices In Islam For A Healthy Lifestyle https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/480 <p>The number of obesity and diseases related to obesity increases globally, which imposes a burden on healthcare costs. The first line to prevent these is by practising a healthy lifestyle, particularly healthy eating practices from the early years. This review focuses on eating practices based on Holy Quran and Hadith recommendations. Muslim scholars' views based on the Holy Quran and Hadith recommendations were also referred to. This review highlights the healthy eating practices of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH and enlightens the importance of <em>halalan tayyiban</em> foods. The electronic databases used were Google Scholar, Medline and PUBMED. Related books, journals, and articles were also reviewed. Healthy eating should begin from the first day of human life, that is, through breastfeeding. Healthy eating practices by the Prophet Muhammad PBUH through prophetic foods and scientific benefits have significant human value. Proper techniques like moderation in oral intake, masticating food well, eating fruit before a meal and consuming vegetable oil like olive oil are techniques practised by the Prophet Muhammad PBUH. Fasting, as a scientifically promoted method for a healthier life, was practised much earlier by the Prophet Muhammad PBUH This review likewise describes the <em>halalan tayyiban</em> foods, which are an essential part of daily eating practices.</p> Norhasnira Ibrahim, Fathima Begum Syed Mohideen Copyright (c) 2022 Norhasnira Ibrahim, Fathima Begum Syed Mohideen http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/480 Fri, 16 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Forest Offences in Protected Areas: An Appraisal to Maqasid Shariah in Federal and State Government Relationship https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/489 <p>Forest encroachment and illegal logging are statutorily recognised as forest offences under several forest-related acts. This is significant in a way it can mitigate the adverse loss of major biodiversity, forest environment quality and forest-dependent livelihood. Forest offences and wildlife crime are found to take place within the protected area, i.e., permanent reserve forests (PRF), national parks, sanctuaries and state land forests. This article adopts a qualitative method by using doctrinal research. Related forest legislation, statistical data on forest offences, wildlife crimes and literature are analysed to find gaps in the current statutory protection of the forest environment. Forest can be found listed under List II (State List) and List III (Concurrent List) in the Ninth Schedule of the Federal Constitution of Malaysia. Due to this fragmentation of jurisdiction of the law-making power, the forest is governed by different laws and agencies. Thus, the dynamic relationship between state and federal government is significant in ensuring forests that are home to thousands of species of biodiversity, flora and fauna are safeguarded and protected for future generations to cherish. From the Islamic perspective, the protection of the environment particularly forests contributes towards fulfilling <em>Maqasid Shariah</em> (the higher objectives of Shariah). Besides, for the interest of the <em>ummah</em>, <em>Maqasid Shariah</em> encourages a good relationship between the federal and state governments.</p> Adzidah Yaakob, Intan Nadia Ghulam Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Adzidah Yaakob, Intan Nadia Ghulam Khan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/489 Fri, 16 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Analisis Tret Personaliti al-Falāḥ dalam al-Quran https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/500 <p>Menetapkan sesuatu ciri-ciri keperibadian individu berjaya atau bahagia itu agak subjektif. Dalam konteks agama Islam, memiliki tret atau sifat <em>al-falāḥ </em>adalah kunci kepada kejayaan dan kebahagiaan manusia dalam kehidupan. Istilah <em>al-falāḥ </em>merujuk kepada golongan ‘<em>al-muflih</em><em>ūn</em>’ yang disebut Allah SWT di banyak tempat di dalam al-Quran. Oleh itu, tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti tret personaliti <em>al-falāḥ </em>yang dinyatakan di dalam al-Quran. Metode analisis kandungan digunakan dengan menganalisis ayat al-Quran yang mengandungi istilah <em>al-falāḥ </em>dengan bantuan aplikasi <em>Quran Al Kareem</em> melalui sistem operasi iPad OS 13.1.2 dan aplikasi <em>Quran for Android </em>melalui sistem operasi Android. Hasil kajian mendapati terdapat 40 ayat yang mengandungi perkataan yang berasaskan istilah al-falāḥ. Daripada 40 ayat tersebut, terdapat 30 tret personaliti <em>al-falāḥ </em>(TPF) yang dikenal pasti. Hasil analisis mendapati&nbsp; 30 TPF dapat dibahagikan kepada 3 bahagian berdasarkan kekerapan yang dinyatakan di dalam ayat-ayat al-falāḥ. &nbsp;Tret <em>al-falāḥ </em>ini menjadi indikator kepada tret kualiti keperibadian manusia untuk mencapai kesejahteraan kehidupan di dunia dan di akhirat.</p> SITI JAMIAAH BINTI ABDUL JALIL, KHAZRI, Ainie Copyright (c) 2022 SITI JAMIAAH BINTI ABDUL JALIL, KHAZRI, Ainie http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/500 Fri, 16 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Sulh dan Mediasi Dalam Talian dalam Konflik Kekeluargaan di Mahkamah Syariah Malaysia: Prospek dan Cabaran Norma Baharu https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/490 <p>Sulh dan mediasi merupakan kaedah penyelesaian pertikaian yang digunakan di Mahkamah Syariah sebagai jalan keluar untuk menyelesaikan persengketaan secara perdamaian. Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (PKP) semasa krisis pandemik Covid-19 telah menyebabkan peningkatan konflik keluarga dan kes perceraian yang tinggi dalam kalangan masyarakat Malaysia. Artikel ini bertujuan mengkaji prospek dan cabaran dalam pelaksanaan proses mediasi dalam Majlis Sulh (sulh-mediasi) secara dalam talian di Mahkamah Syariah sebagai satu norma baharu. Kajian menumpukan kepada aspek perundangan dan amalan di Mahkamah Syariah. Kaedah penyelidikan yang digunakan adalah kajian kualitatif dengan pendekatan kajian kepustakaan, tinjauan literatur dan analisis kandungan. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa walaupun sesi sulh-mediasi secara dalam talian mempunyai cabaran dari segi penggunaan teknologi dan prinsip asas mediasi, namun ia mempunyai prospek yang besar bagi penyelesaian pertikaian secara perdamaian. Sebagai penutup, kaedah sulh-mediasi dalam talian ini boleh dimanfaatkan sebagai satu persediaan menghadapi kaedah penyelesaian konflik masa hadapan yang lebih fleksibel, murah, cepat dan berkesan.</p> Hendun Abd Rahman Shah, Norfadhilah Mohd Ali, Norsuhaida Che Musa, Adzidah Yaakob, Mustafa 'Afifi Ab Halim Copyright (c) 2022 Hendun Abd Rahman Shah, Norfadhilah Mohd Ali, Norsuhaida Che Musa, Adzidah Yaakob, Mustafa 'Afifi Ab Halim http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/490 Fri, 16 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 تصنيف المجلات في قواعد بيانات العالمية سنة 2022: دراسة جاهزية مجلات جامعة المدينة العالمية بماليزيا https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/491 <p>The study sought to determine the basic criteria adopted for the inclusion of scientific journals in the world-renowned databases (DOAJ, ADL, MYCITE, SCOPUS, WOS), and then to diagnose the current situation of five scientific journals issued by Al-Madinah International University, represented by (Journal of International Islamic Sciences), And (Al-Rasikhoon Journal), (Al-Madinah International University Journal), (Al-Lisan International Journal for Linguistic and Literary Studies), and (Al-Madinah International University Journal for Educational and Psychological Sciences) for the year 2022, then evaluated through eighteen criteria for: (DOAJ), nine for ADL, twenty-two for (Mycite), twenty for (Scopus) and twenty for (WOS); To verify the qualification and readiness of scientific journals at Al-Madinah International University to join the global databases, the study adopted the descriptive approach; To describe the criteria of scientific publication followed in the scientific journals under study, then comparative; To compare these standards used in the scientific journals, with the basic criteria adopted in international databases. The study reached to identify the most important shortcomings and obstacles that prevented the scientific journals from inclusion in global databases, and define the basic criteria that must be available in these scientific journals; in order to be included in the global databases. The study concluded with several recommendations; it helps in developing and improving the quality of scientific journals at Al-Madinah International University and qualifying them to join international databases.</p> Abdelali Bey Zekkoub, Popoola Kareem Hamed Copyright (c) 2022 Abdelali Bey Zekkoub, Popoola Kareem Hamed http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/491 Fri, 16 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 الأحكام العامة للعقد بين المعايير الشرعية للأيوفي والقانون المدني البحريني:دراسة تحليلية مقارنة https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/471 <p>The research sheds light on a comparison between the provisions of the Bahraini Civil Law and the Sharia standards of the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) with regard to the most important provisions of the contract, such as the pillars of the contract and the form of the contract. The research aims to clarify the most important points of agreement and differences between the civil law and the Sharia standards in relation to Islamic financial transactions to identify the size of the gap between them, in preparation for conducting further studies in this regard due to the subjection of financial transactions applied in Islamic banks in the Kingdom of Bahrain to Sharia standards and civil law provisions. The research relied on the qualitative approach and comparative analytical description. The research concluded that there are many points of agreement between the two references and that the points of difference in the contract and the meeting are not essential, and the researcher recommends conducting more comparative studies between local laws and Sharia standards with regard to Islamic financial formulas and products and re-conducting a comprehensive study of Sharia standards to examine the gaps and weaknesses Through which Islamic banks and their contracts may be affected, the researcher also recommends that the (AAOIFI) Institutions issue sharia standards for contract theory, contract foundations and what is related to it, and to refer in the civil law to the reference of Islamic banks to the sharia standards affiliated with (AAOIFI).</p> <p>يلقي البحث الضوء على مقارنة بين أحكام القانون المدني البحريني وبين المعايير الشرعية التابعة لهيئة المحاسبة والمراجعة للمؤسسات المالية الإسلامية (الأيوفي) فيما يتعلق بأحكام التعاقد كأركان انعقاد العقد وشكل العقد، والتطرق لبعض صور التعاقد كالعربون والوعد والمواعدة والإذعان، ثم إنهاء التعاقد بالوسائل المعروفة كالانفساخ والإقالة والإبطال، ويهدف البحث إلى بيان أهم نقاط الاتفاق والاختلاف بين القانون والمعايير الشرعية فيما يتعلق بالمعاملات المالية الإسلامية للتعرف على حجم الفجوة بينهما، وذلك تمهيداً لإجراء المزيد من الدراسات في هذا الصدد بسبب خضوع المعاملات المالية المطبقة في البنوك الإسلامية في مملكة البحرين للمعايير الشرعية من جهة، وأحكام القانون المدني من جهة أخرى. وقد اعتمد البحث على المنهج النوعي والوصف التحليلي المقارن. وقد توصل البحث إلى أن هناك نقاط اتفاق كثيرة بين المرجعيتين، وأن نقاط الاختلاف في العقد والانعقاد ليست جوهرية، ويوصي الباحث بإجراء المزيد من الدراسات المقارنة بين القوانين المحلية والمعايير الشرعية فيما يتعلق بالصيغ والمنتجات المالية الإسلامية، وإعادة إجراء دراسة شاملة للمعايير الشرعية لبحث الفجوات ونقاط الضعف التي قد يتم من خلالها التأثير على البنوك الإسلامية وعقودها، كما يوصي الباحث بأن تصدر هيئة المحاسبة والمراجعة (الأيوفي) معايير شرعية خاصة بنظرية العقد وأسس التعاقد وما يتعلق فيها، وأن يشار في القانون المدني لمرجعية البنوك الإسلامية للمعايير الشرعية التابعة للأيوفي</p> Hamad Alshaikh, Habeebullah Zakariyah Copyright (c) 2022 Hamad Alshaikh, Habeebullah Zakariyah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/471 Fri, 16 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Waqf-Linked Unit Trust Funds: A Qualitative Analysis of Recent Application in Malaysia https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/514 <p>The <em>waqf</em> concept has been integrated into a variety of financial assets, including Shariah-compliant investment vehicles like unit trusts. With the appropriate structure and strategy, <em>waqf</em> can support many spheres of life, including the growth of the mainstream economy. This paper aims to highlight the recent development of <em>waqf</em>-linked unit trust funds within the Malaysian context and identify the underlying governance principle for <em>waqf</em>. The current study employed a qualitative research approach through document analysis of previous literature. The paper concludes that the <em>waqf</em> unit trust fund, which upholds strong governance of accountability and transparency as well as backed by the stakeholder theory may contribute to advancing the social and economic well-being of the ummah.</p> Syahnaz Sulaiman, Muhammad Taqi'uddin Mohd Hamzah, Aznan Hasan Copyright (c) 2023 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/514 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800