Ulum Islamiyyah https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij <p> </p> <p align="justify"><strong>ULUM ISLAMIYYAH</strong> is a refereed journal published by USIM Press (Penerbit USIM), Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) annually in April, August and December. It serves as a platform to publish scholarly works and researches undertaken at the Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, as well as other institutions that promote, enhance and contribute to an inclusive understanding of Islam and Muslims in the contemporary world. ULUM ISLAMIYYAH publishes original research-based articles, concept papers, review papers, case studies, book reviews in English, Arabic and Malay, in the area of social sciences, humanities, arts and literature.</p> <p align="justify"><strong><img src="https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/public/site/images/adminuij/cover-ulum-edited-22.jpg" alt="" width="272" height="393" /></strong></p> <p align="justify"> </p> en-US ahmadzaki@usim.edu.my (Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Zaki Salleh) ahmadzaki@usim.edu.my (Mohamad Zulhilmi Mohd Nazar) Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Effectiveness of Rabies Hunter Game Application on Dog Bite Prevention Among School-Aged Children in Southern Region of Sarawak, Malaysia https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/434 <p>Educational intervention is beneficial in preventing future dog bite. Most dog bite cases involved children aged below 15 years old. In view of most children in this technology era play computer, web, portable or console games using computers, cell phones or handheld organizers, we developed Rabies Hunter mobile game application as a novel educational intervention to prevent dog bite among children. <em>Aims and Objectives:</em> This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Rabies Hunter game application on safety knowledge on dog’s behaviour, perceived vulnerability towards dog, precautionary behaviour around dog and help-seeking behaviour following dog bite. <em>Methodology:</em> A quasi-experimental study was conducted with control group (N = 188) and intervention group (N = 222). Questionnaires were administered to respondents during three different sessions. <em>Results and Findings:</em> Safety knowledge on dog’s behaviour was more significantly improved in intervention [F(2,442) = 30.66, <em>p </em>&lt; 0.001] than control [F(1.91,357.47) = 5.14, <em>p </em>= 0.007] groups. Perception on vulnerability towards dog in control and intervention groups improved significantly with F(1.88,352.40) = 9.26, <em>p </em>&lt; 0.001 and F(1.83,404.54) = 146.57, <em>p </em>&lt; 0.001 respectively. Significant difference in precautionary behaviour around dog was higher in control [F(1.93,361.30) = 5.47, <em>p </em>= 0.005] than intervention group [F(2,442) = 3.86, <em>p </em>= 0.022]. Changes in help-seeking behaviour following dog bite was only observed in intervention group [F(1.95,429.91) = 5.10, <em>p </em>= 0.007]. Significant difference between groups after final post-intervention was observed in perception on vulnerability towards dog [t(355.56) = (-4.47), <em>p </em>&lt; 0.001] only. Thus, exposure to Rabies Hunter game application is potentially effective in preventing dog bite incidence.</p> Syahrizal Abdul Halim, Rosalia Saimon, Parveen Kaur Sarjeet Singh, Razitasham Safii Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/434 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 COVID-19 in Palestine: What International Laws Can Offer? https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/435 <p>The unprecedented health and social crises caused by COVID-19 has extended the ongoing humanitarian issues of the people living in Palestine. It was reported by the World Health Organization that until 14th of August 2021, there were 349,108 cases of COVID-19 and 3,891 deaths reported in Palestine. In such a context, international laws in particular international humanitarian law (IHL) and international criminal law (ICL) can offer vital protection and recourse&nbsp;&nbsp; to prevent any destructive effect from the pandemic to Palestinians. The purpose of this article is to examine the contents of IHL and ICL that can be applied in mitigating the effects of COVID-19 in Palestine. This article argues that there are specific principles and provisions in these areas of laws that could play significant roles in this context. Using a qualitative method, primary and secondary sources are examined to address how IHL and ICL could come into play to address the impeding humanitarian needs of the people living in Palestine. The preliminary findings from this article indicate that IHL and ICL provide workable solutions that can be ventured further in dealing with COVID-19 in Palestine.</p> Mohamad Kamal Sodiqin Abdull Manaf, Nisar Mohammad Ahmad Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/435 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Critical Discourse Analysis in the Libyan President Al Ghaddafi’s Last Speech on 22\ 02\ 2011 during the Libyan Uprising. https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/444 <p>This study is expected to shed light on the further clarification of figurative language use and complement the research of social practices effects of discourse. It is expected to provide more information about the vocabulary and structural sets from the perspective of lexical and grammatical signals in the language of leaders. All that shall a coherent theoretical framework for CDA and metaphor. Most of Al Ghaddafi speeches were in vernacular language not in classical Arabic language because of his origins. Under the scope of CDA by applying the Fairclough 3D model. The objective of the study was to identify and analyze the overuse of figurative language in Al Ghaddafi speech that produced opposite results, from gaining support to gaining failure of his rule, this shall be by categorizing the themes in their social and cultural contexts, with a focus on the metaphor’s lexicon used in his last speech. CDA is an approach to language analysis that is concerned with issues of language, power and ideology. The figurative language is a useful tool in conveying messages to the audience when used in the specific purpose of speech in a balance but if used heavily it will give the opposite of what was hoped for, and this can be very clear evidence for all when we read what had happened and the results gained by Al Ghaddafi from his speech in the next few days after this horrible and terrifying speech.</p> Lutfi Mohammed Alhemmair Alwash, Mohd Azidan Abdul Jabar, Muhammad Alif Redzuan Abdullah, PhD, Vahid NimehchiSalem Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/444 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Psychoreligio-Spiritual Dimension of and Cultural Misperception on Sadness: Implication for Mental Health Anti-Stigma Promotion https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/445 <p>Introduction: Sadness is globally regarded as an undesirable emotion. Islamically speaking, there is a misperception where it is latently ingrained as a proscribed emotion. Ironically, it was purposely mentioned in the Qur’anic verse that narrated the historical moment right before the first humans in Islam: Adam and his wife, Eve (<em>Ḥawwā’</em>) were Ordained by Allah to descend on the Earth (Q2: 38). This study supports Islamically integrated psychotherapeutic mental health service to Muslims. It answers the call of underrepresented by academics of Islamic Studies in Islamicizing Psychology, as it is a social duty (<em>farḍ al-kifāyah</em>) to add up resource to Islamic psychotherapeutic practice. Methods: Since it is dealing with the Holy Qur’an, the Qur’anic Thematic Exegetical Analysis (<em>al-Tafsīr al-Mawḍuᶜi</em>) method was applied to verify whether it is proscribed as widely accepted. The selected keyword: ‘sadness’ (Ar. <em>Al-ḥuzn</em>) were searched throughout the Holy Qur’an. Methodically, the proscribed rulings usually originated from negating expression linguistically: the don’ts. So, only the Qur’anic verse with the word ‘<em>lā</em>’ were selected for analysis. Their English translation was from ‘<em>The Qur’an: A New Translation - Oxford World’s Classic</em> (2nd ed.)’ by Prof. Dr.&nbsp; Muhammad Abdel Saied Abdel Haleem, and exegesis was extracted from the Al-Qurtubi’s Exegesis (<em>Tafsīr al-Qurtubī</em>). Results: The analysis showed that there are two (2) categories of the negative expression: (1) denial: “you will not be continuously sad” and (2) negative imperative: “do not be sad!”. The first category does not proscribe rulings jurisprudentially, but the second category does fundamentally. But when adjusted with the style of language used (<em>al-uslūb</em>) and the context of each Qur’anic verse; there is no straightforward proscriptive ruling for being sad. Instead, every verse is persuasively comforting like in a counselling. Conclusion: Therefore, interwoven understanding should be bridged among the linguistics and translation of the Arabic language, Qur’anic revealed knowledge for Islamic preaching, healthcare practice and the laity’s common perception and experience of sadness in reality to eliminate the misperception of the negative imperative: ‘do not be sad!’. It should be straightened to prevent it being a source for negative religious coping because it is a strong predictor of negative health outcomes.</p> Nur Afifah Abas, Mohd Nizam Sahad Copyright (c) 2021 Nur Afifah Abas, Mohd Nizam Sahad http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/445 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Peranan Sains Kimia dalam Melaksanakan Maqasid Syariah Semasa Pandemik. https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/436 <p>The world statistic on infection and death toll due to Covid-19 pandemic already reach 218 million and 4.5 million cases, respectively. In Malaysia alone, the number of death exceeding 16 thousands cases whereas infection case approaching 1.8 million cases. Proactive measures taken by Malaysia government which is inline with Maqasid al-Shariah and seerah of Rasulullah saw has successfully break the infection chain of Covid-19 up to 1 digit during the first phase of the pandemic. The use of soap and hand pensanitasi are very effective in preventing the infection of Covid-19 virus. These disinfection methods are considered as the main contribution of chemical sciences discipline in the implementation of Maqasid al-Shariah during this pandemic through the preservation of life. This presentation is relating the three dimensions ‘Covid 19 Virus-Chemical Sciences-Maqasid al-Shariah’ which producing a new synergy to prevent the spreading of the virus.</p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Statistik jangkitan dan kematian disebabkan pandemik Covid-19 di seluruh dunia telah mencapai angka 218 juta dan 4.5 juta kes, masing-masingnya. Di Malaysia sendiri angka kematian telah melampaui 16 ribu manakala kes jangkitan menghampiri 1.8 juta kes. Langkah proaktif oleh kerajaan Malaysia yang seiring dengan pendekatan Maqasid Syariah dan seerah Rasulullah saw telah berjaya memutuskan rangkaian Covid-19 sehingga ke tahap 1 digit semasa fasa pertama pandemik. Penggunaan sabun dan pensanitasi tangan (hand pensanitasi) merupakan kaedah yang sangat berkesan untuk mengelakkan jangkitan virus Covid-19. Kaedah nyahkuman ini dilihat sebagai sumbangan bidang sains kimia yang signifikan dalam pelaksanaan Maqasid Syariah di musim pandemik ini untuk memelihara nyawa. &nbsp;Pembentangan ini menghubungkaitkan tiga dimensi iaitu ‘Virus Covid19-Sains Kimia-Maqasid Syariah’ yang menghasilkan satu sinergi baru untuk mengekang pemerebakan virus ini.</p> Musa Ahmad, Muhammad Zamir Othman, Syaza Azhari, Siti Nazurah Md Jusoh Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/436 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Kawalan Penyakit Wabak Berjangkit: Satu Tinjauan Terhadap Takaful Mikro Berasaskan Zakat https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/437 <p>Fenomena penyakit berjangkit antara faktor yang merencatkan kestabilan sosioekonomi sesebuah masyarakat khususnya populasi miskin. Ia disebabkan aktiviti perekonomian yang terbatas, kos perubatan yang meningkat dan akses fasiliti kesihatan yang terhad. Takaful mikro merupakan antara instrumen kewangan Islam yang menawarkan skim perlindungan kesihatan kepada populasi ini. Walau bagaimanapun, operasi takaful mikro dikatakan mempunyai beberapa isu, antara yang utamanya ialah permasalahan kewangan. Sungguhpun secara teoritikalnya, zakat sering dikaitkan sebagai sumber dana alternatif untuk operasi takaful, namun dari sudut praktikalnya idea ini masih samar. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk meneroka potensi, isu serta cabaran takaful mikro sebagai instrumen perlindungan kesihatan bagi kawalan penyakit berjangkit, khususnya dalam kalangan populasi miskin. Metode kajian kepustakaan dan dokumentasi digunakan untuk mendapatkan data. Bagi tujuan analisis, kaedah analisis kandungan, diskriptif, induktif dan deduktif digunakan secara konsisten. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa takaful mikro adalah relevan untuk menghadapi wabak penyakit berjangkit. Beberapa prospek dan cabaran bagi penggunaan zakat dalam operasi takaful mikro turut dikenalpasti. Kajian ini sesuai dijadikan rujukan bagi institusi takaful mikro, zakat dan agensi lainnya yang terlibat dalam pemerkasaan golongan miskin dalam rangka untuk menambahbaik aspek kesihatan mereka.</p> Hussein ‘Azeemi Abdullah Thaidi, Ahmad Zaki Salleh, Muhamad Firdaus Ab Rahman , Azman Ab Rahman, Irwan Mohd Subri Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/437 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Psikologi Keselamatan Dalam Analisa Kes Ingkar Arahan Kawalan Pergerakan Melalui Kerangka Maqasid Syariah https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/438 <p>Security psychology is a new field that combines psychology and security. It is a feeling out of cognitive and behavioral processes from the reality of security. The world health crisis with Covid 19 has brought the narrative of security psychology viewed constructively. The attitude and level of awareness towards Covid 19 become a measure and a question in combating the threat that this epidemic has. This article discusses the importance of security psychology as a key factor in epidemic containment. Then the analysis of breach PKP instructions as an indicator of the level of security psychology awareness is presented. Data is through case observations from 23 March to 8 June 2020. The description through the framework of Maqasid Syariah is argued. Studies have found that society's indifference to the health of other individuals is a major factor in cases of disobedience. The low level of awareness is the biggest obstacle in the containment of this epidemic. Proposed policy improvements are discussed in this article.</p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Psikologi keselamatan adalah bidang baharu yang menggabungkan psikologi dan keselamatan. Ia adalah perasaan daripada proses kognitif dan perlakuan daripada realiti keselamatan. Krisis kesihatan dunia dengan Covid 19 telah membawa naratif psikologi keselamatan dilihat secara konstruktif. Sikap dan tahap kesedaran terhadap Covid 19 menjadi ukuran dan persoalan dalam memerangi ancaman bahawa wabak ini. Artikel ini membincangkan kepentingan psikologi keselamatan yang menjadi faktor utama pembendungan wabak. Kemudian analisa kes ingkar arahan PKP sebagai indikator tahap kesedaran psikologi keselamatan dikemukakan. Data adalah melalui cerapan kes daripada 23 Mac hingga 8 Jun 2020. Huraian melalui kerangka Maqasid Syariah dihujahkan. Kajian mendapati sikap tidak ambil peduli masyarakat terhadap kesihatan individu lain merupakan faktor utama berlaku kes ingkar arahan. Tahap kesedaran yang rendah merupakan halangan terbesar dalam pembendungan wabak ini. Cadangan penambahbaikan polisi dibincangkan dalam artikel ini.</p> Mohd Azmir Mohd Nizah, Afi Roshezry Abu Bakar, Wirawahida Kamarul Zaman Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/438 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Integrasi Takaful Mikro dan Wakaf Ketika Pandemik: Analisis Potensi dan Cabaran https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/439 <p>Fenomena pandemik telah menyebabkan populasi miskin semakin terbeban dari sudut ekonomi disebabkan peluang pekerjaan yang semakin terbatas, kos perubatan meningkat dan akses fasiliti kesihatan yang terhad. Takaful mikro merupakan antara instrumen kewangan patuh Syariah yang menyediakan skim perlindungan kepada populasi berpendapatan rendah. Takaful mikro dikatakan mengalami beberapa permasalahan terutamanya yang melibatkan kos operasi. Justeru, aplikasi takaful mikro dengan sokongan dana wakaf dilihat antara solusi yang ideal. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk meneroka potensi, isu serta cabaran bagi integrasi takaful mikro dan wakaf ke arah memperkasakan perlindungan kesihatan bagi golongan miskin dalam mendepani wabak pandemik. Metode kajian kepustakaan dan dokumentasi digunakan untuk mendapatkan data. Bagi tujuan analisis, kaedah analisis kandungan, diskriptif, induktif dan deduktif digunakan secara konsisten. Hasil kajian telah mengenalpasti beberapa prospek dan cabaran bagi penggunaan wakaf dalam operasi takaful mikro turut dikenalpasti. Kajian diharapkan mampu menyumbang kepada perlaksanaan wakaf dan takaful mikro yang lebih dinamik dan lestari.</p> Hussein ‘Azeemi Thaidi, Wan Nur Fazni Wan Nazarie, Aulia Rahman Zulkarnain Nazarie, Mohd Mahyeddin Mohd Salleh Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/439 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Penelitian Semula Terhadap Konsep Sastera Kanak-Kanak Islami https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/447 <p>Children are the ones who need to be exposed to useful reading materials. An abundance of children books in the market calls for an evaluation of its content to ensure that children read appropriate reading materials. For Muslim children, their reading materials should be in line with Islamic teachings and all elements that are contrary to Islam should be avoided. Based on this issue, the paper will explain the need for a review of the concept of Islamic Children’s Literature. This study refers to highlight the importance of the concept so that literary books for Muslim children can help them understand Islam. This study was conducted by using a content analysis approach involving the views of several scholars on Islamic Children’s Literature. The results of this study consist of several points of view which are the need of correcting misunderstandings about Islamic Children’s Literature and intensifying the discourse on the concept in Malaysia. In addition, efforts to examine the content of literary reading materials for children should always be done to ensure its accuracy with the Islamic worldview. Besides, the empowerment of <em>al-sirah al-nabawiyah</em> as the main literary texts for Muslim children should be given a priority. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Kanak-kanak merupakan golongan yang perlu didedahkan dengan bahan bacaan bermanfaat. Lambakan bahan bacaan kanak-kanak dalam pasaran menuntut penilaian terhadap kandungannya bagi memastikan mereka membaca karya yang bersesuaian. Bagi kanak-kanak Muslim pula, bahan bacaan perlu selari dengan ajaran Islam dan semua unsur yang bertentangan dengan Islam perlu dielakkan. Berdasarkan hal ini, makalah akan menjelaskan keperluan penelitian semula terhadap konsep Sastera Kanak-Kanak Islami. Penelitian ini merujuk kepada usaha untuk menyerlahkan kepentingan konsep tersebut agar sastera untuk kanak-kanak Muslim dapat membantu mereka memahami Islam. Kajian ini dilakukan menggunakan pendekatan analisis kandungan melibatkan pandangan-pandangan yang diutarakan oleh para sarjana berkaitan dengan Sastera Kanak-Kanak Islami. Hasil daripada perbincangan dalam makalah ini menggariskan beberapa perkara yang perlu diusahakan untuk memperkasakan Sastera Kanak-Kanak Islami seperti memperbetulkan salah faham tentang konsep yang dibincangkan dan mempergiatkan wacana mengenainya di Malaysia. Selain itu, usaha meneliti kandungan karya untuk kanak-kanak perlu sentiasa dilakukan bagi memastikan ketepatannya dengan tasawur Islam. Pemerkasaan terhadap <em>al-sirah al-nabawiyah</em> sebagai bahan bacaan untuk kanak-kanak Muslim juga perlu diberi keutamaan.</p> Mohd Shahrizal Nasir, Kamarul Shukri Mat Teh Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/447 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Kaedah Memahami Makna al-Quran dalam Pengintegrasian Ayat Hafazan dengan Ilmu Aqli https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/448 <p>Efforts to integrate the Quranic memorised verse with the aqli knowledge have been given attention by several tahfiz educational institutions in Malaysia, among them through an integrated curriculum approach and integration between subjects. However, the integrating of the Quran with aqli knowledge requires a deep understanding of the meaning of the verse because of the position of the Quran as Kalamullah. Hence, this study highlights the methods outlined by the scholars to understand the meaning of the Quran. Library research methodology is used in this study by analyzing the writings of scholars on the method of understanding the verses of memorization of the Quran. The results of the study found that scholars outlined 18 methods to understand memorized verses of the Quran: knowing asbab al-nuzul, knowing the methodology of Arabic language, knowing topic and basic objective of al-Quran, a comprehensive view of verses for a topic (interpretation of al-Quran with al-Quran), understanding from hadith perspective, utilising the commentary of companions and followers, knowing environment of revelation (<em>makkiyyah</em> and <em>madaniyyah</em>), knowing <em>al-nasikh</em> and <em>al-mansukh</em>, knowing <em>muhkam</em> and <em>mutashabih</em>, knowing the meaning of a single word in various contexts, knowing the context of verse, knowing <em>dilalah</em> of verse (meaning), knowing the discourse of the Quran, knowing customs and stories of Arab, knowing <em>al-waqf</em> and <em>al-ibtida’</em>, beware of Israiliyyat, knowing</p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Pengintegrasian ilmu naqli dan aqli adalah diwajibkan dalam setiap subjek di Kolej GENIUS Insan dan pengintegrasian dalam pendidikan al-Quran di KGI adalah tidak terkecuali. Namun, pengintegrasian al-Quran dengan ilmu aqli memerlukan kefahaman yang mendalam tentang makna ayat tersebut kerana kedudukan al-Quran sebagai Kalamullah. Justeru, kajian ini mengetengahkan kaedah-kaedah yang digariskan oleh para ulama untuk memahami makna al-Quran. Metodologi kajian perpustakaan digunakan dalam kajian ini dengan menganalisis tulisan para ulama berkenaan kaedah kefahaman makna al-Quran. Hasil kajian mendapati ulama menggariskan 18 kaedah untuk memahami makna al-Quran iaitu mengetahui <em>asbab al-nuzul</em>, mengetahui kaedah bahasa Arab, mengetahui topik dan objektif asas bagi al-Quran dan surah-surah, pandangan menyeluruh terhadap ayat-ayat bagi sesuatu topik (tafsir al-Quran dengan al-Quran), memahami daripada perspektif hadith, memanfaatkan tafsir sahabat &amp; tabi’in, mengetahui persekitaran penurunan (<em>makkiyyah</em> dan <em>madaniyyah</em>), mengetahui <em>al-nasikh</em> dan <em>al-mansukh</em>, mengetahui <em>muhkam</em> dan <em>mutashabih</em>, mengetahui maksud sesuatu lafaz dalam pelbagai konteks, memahami konteks ayat, mengetahui <em>dilalah</em> ayat, mengetahui wacana al-Quran, mengetahui adat dan kisah masyarakat Arab, mengetahui <em>al-waqf</em> dan <em>al-ibtida’</em>, berhati-hati dengan Israiliyyat, mengetahui ilmu psikologi manusia, dan menjiwai ayat dan makna.</p> Ahmad Bazli Ahmad Hilmi, Muhammad Hafiz Saleh, Adibah Sulaiman @ Mohamad Copyright (c) 2021 Ahmad Bazli Ahmad Hilmi, Muhammad Hafiz Saleh, Adibah Sulaiman @ Mohamad http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/448 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Media Sosial dan Terrorisme: Partisipasi Dalam Kalangan Pelajar Institusi Pengajian Tinggi di Malaysia https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/456 <p>Perdebatan dan perbincangan mengenai kandungan media sosial seperti Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp dan sebagainya dalam pengaruhnya menyebarkan kandungan seperti berita, foto dan video yang berkait dengan ekstrem dan keganasan seakan berleluasa. Kepantasan media sosial sebagai platform digital bertindak untuk menyebarluaskan kandungan berkaitan isu keganasan dari dalam dan luar negara perlu dipastikan kesahihannya. Hal ini kerana kandungan di media sosial berupaya untuk membentuk pengaruh, fikiran, dakyah dan ideologi yang tidak benar kepada pengguna terutama dalam kalangan remaja. Oleh itu, kajian ini akan membincangkan secara umum berdasarkan literatur yang lepas untuk melihat sejauh mana perbincangan mengenai isu keganasan di dalam media sosial ini telah didebatkan. Ini kerana, isu penyebaran kandungan berkaitan terrorisme di alam maya ternyata memberi impak ke atas pemikiran dan tindakan untuk meningkatkan kes-kes berkaitan keganasan sama ada secara fizikal ataupun serangan ideologi pemikiran. Selain itu, kajian ini juga telah menemubual enam pakar bidang untuk mendapatkan pengalaman dan pengetahuan mereka mengenai isu penggunaan media sosial sebagai platform penyebaran ideologi terrorisme. Selain itu, penyelidik juga cuba mendapatkan beberapa saranan dan cadangan untuk membendung isu ini terutama dalam kalangan pelajar IPT. Berdasarkan hasil kajian ini, cabaran untuk menangani isu ini sepatutnya dipikul oleh semua pihak yang berkepentingan sama ada dari pihak kerajaan dan pentadbiran, pihak berkuasa, pembuat dasar dan polisi, pihak media dan juga pengguna media sosial itu sendiri. Kesedaran, pendidikan dan pemulihan tentang isu keganasan ini perlu dipergiatkan yang mana akhirnya akan membantu untuk mencapai keamanan, keadilan dan memperkukuhkan institusi yang berkesan, bertanggungjawab dan inklusif di semua peringkat.</p> Fauziah Hassan, Sofia Yusoff, Suria Hani Rahman, Siti Suriani Othman, Siti Zobidah Omar, Kalsom Ali Copyright (c) 2021 Fauziah Hassan, Sofia Yusoff, Suria Hani Rahman, Siti Suriani Othman, Siti Zobidah Omar, Kalsom Ali http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/456 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800 الأمن البيئيّ والحفاظ عليه من عوادم جائحة كوفيد 19: دراسة مقاصديّة https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/441 <p>This study reveals the significance of the environmental security and its preservation from remnants of the pandemic Covid-19. It also intends to elucidate the role and contribution of Maqasid al-Shariah that highlight great concern on the preservation of individual's life, society, and country in facing unexpected circumstances due to this pandemic through its legal texts (nusus). The study also aims to raise the community's awareness on the importance of environmental security and end the pollution caused by Covid-19 remnants such as masks, gloves, and other Covid-19 residues used by the people to reduce the spread of this pandemic and the probabilities of its reach. However, some individuals do not properly place these residues in the designated places for proper and safe disposal. As a result, this waste is dumped in public areas and on roadsides leading to a high-risk environmental, ecological threat in the short and long term. Therefore, to overcome this situation, Shariah has underlined principles that must be adhered to in dealing with the Covid 19 remnant to safeguard the people, society, and state. Failure to observe these rules would lead to another catastrophic situation. The researchers applied the descriptive-analytical approach in writing this article. Some of the significant findings discover that Pandemic Covid-19 has caused a severe impact on the environment due to people's improper disposal of the remnants that consequently affect the future life in terms of water and food resources and the environment safety. This study also found that Maqasid al-Shariah has emphasized the importance of promoting,&nbsp; protecting and educating the people to have a decent relationship with the environment. The study also found that the environmental pollution caused by the remnants of covid 19 has somehow resulted from the corruption or illegal action by some that finally threaten the lives of individuals, society, and the world.</p> Baidar Mohammed Mohammed Hasan, Hasnizam Hashim, Muneer Ali Abdul Rabb Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/441 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0800