Ulum Islamiyyah http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij <p align="justify">Ulum Islamiyyah Journal (UIJ) is a refereed journal published by Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) annually in April, August and December. Its main objective is to promote, enhance and contribute to an inclusive understanding of Islam and Muslim in contemporary world. UIJ publishes original research based articles, concept papers, review papers, case studies, book reviews in English, Arabic and Malay, in the area of social science and humanities, science and technology, arts and literature, that relates directly or indirectly to Islam and Muslim world under the framework of integration of&nbsp;<em>naqli</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>aqli</em>&nbsp;knowledge.&nbsp;Ulum Islamiyyah Journal is available online. Printed versions are only available upon request and orders will be charged accordingly.&nbsp;</p> en-US ahmadzaki@usim.edu.my (Dr. Ahmad Zaki Salleh) knajwa@usim.edu.my (Khairunnajwa Mohd Tahet) Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Misrepresented Claims Of David Samuel Margoliouth On Prophet Muhammad’s Miracles: A Critical Evaluation http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/57 <p>This paper attempts to evaluate the misrepresented claims of the Western orientalist, David Samuel Margoliouth on the miracles of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h). Like most Christian scholars, Margoliouth claimed that only Biblical prophets wrought a number of miracles to validate their truth, and Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) possessed no miracle including the Qur’an. To justify his claim, Margoliouth asserted that even the Qur’an clearly points out that the Prophet (p.b.u.h) was never given any miracle, and hence, Muslims’ claims that he performed many physical miracles were just inaccurate and groundless. In attempt to evaluate the misrepresented claims of Margoliouth, this paper examines his main evidences and observations. At the same time, it deliberates a critical investigation of historical Islamic data about the miracles of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) in order to point out the validity of those miracles. Based on the historical facts, it can be justifiably claimed that Margoliouth’s rejection of Prophet’s miracles was part of his misrepresentation of Islam.</p> Akilu Muhammad Aliu, Adibah Abdul Rahim ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/57 Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Zakat and Success Factor for Muallaf Conditions: An Analysis in Selangor, Malaysia http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/58 <p>In Selangor, zakat assistance to the new converts begins from the first day they become Muslims. The new Muslim would be immediately helped with MYR 500.00 monthly allowance for five years until they manage to act in accordance with Allah’s orders and to perform worshipping (<em>Mukallaf</em>). The main problem statement is, how the effectiveness of zakat distribution among muallaf was?. Thus, this article presents structural equation models for effectiveness of zakat distribution among muallaf in Selangor. The formation of the models consists of the condition of the muallaf and success factors as well as the income before and after zakat distribution towards the muallaf, which are the observed variable. This specification will able to examine the predictors of differences between income without zakat and income with zakat. The Muallaf really need and seek for help from the Muslim especially in Muslim country in terms of economic strength and support. Thus, developmental programs are crucial in order to support them physically and mentally. An effective program can be an instrument to equip them with negative perception that they received after becoming a Muslim. The main objective of this article is to explore the effectiveness of muallaf development programs organized in Selangor, this article uses the crosstabs methods based on several critical success factors. The method been use in this research is mix method by conducted through in-depth interviews with selected Muallaf from a variety of cultural backgrounds, living in the area of Selangor, Malaysia. Then the next phase, this article conducted set of survey questionnaires among 80 respondents to confirm the findings. The respondents were randomly selected from Selangor Zakat Centre (SZC) zakat recipient’s list from the New Converts category for nine districts of Selangor in 2013. The main finding of this article indicates that Muallaf who are receiving zakat assistant are able to manage successfully in their economics life and manage to assist their non-Muslims family for solving family problem as a result of conversion to Islam as well as helping them out from poverty.</p> Fuadah Johari, Ahmad Fahme Mohd Ali, Muhammad Ridhwan Ab. Aziz ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/58 Wed, 24 Oct 2018 14:37:57 +0000 Creativity and Innovation: Practices Amongst Students of a Product Development Competition http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/60 <p>The purpose of this paper is to investigate the state of creativity and innovation on product development among students who participated in the Islamic Innovation Student Competition (i-REKA) 2017 at Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM). The study employed the quantitative approach through a survey instrument design. Data were collected using questionnaires, and the constructs used were developed from prior research and previously tested for reliability. A total of 147 questionnaires were analyzed from the respondents in this study. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the characteristics of the respondents including frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation, while the multivariate technique that was employed was regression. The findings revealed that significant relationships exist between the state of creativity and innovation among students of products development competition. These findings may provide a distinctive perspective on the concept of creativity and innovation and its necessity in the Islamic educational system for the contemporary modern era.</p> Anita Ismail, Farah Laili Muda@Ismail, Latifah Abdul Latiff, Siti Nor Baya Mat Yacob, Hisham Muhammad Taky Eldin Kandil, Mohd Aizuddin Abd Aziz ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/60 Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Pendekatan Tawhidik Di Dalam Tatakelola Kerajaan Yang Baik (Good Governance): Satu Analisa Konsepsual http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/61 <p>While ‘Good Governance’ agenda as introduced by the World Bank in 1989 is a result of conventional developmental theories and represents the contemporary kernel of truth on how to develop, hence becoming a fad du jour of many. It has since then become a means for any government to improve its governance and administration and was similarly used by the oppositions in certain countries to bring their government into accountability. The aim of this paper is to explore and analyze the Islamic foundation principles and values underpinning the field of governance in an attempt to construct a new systemic articulation of ‘Islamic governance’. This discursive and abstract, rather than being an empirical exercise, assumes to produce a ‘good governance’ framework within its own formulation through a value-shaped dynamic model according to the principle of Tawhid (unity of God), justice (‘adl) and maqasid al-Shari’ah (higher objective of Shari’ah) by going beyond the narrow remit of classical and contemporary discussions produced on the topic, which propose a certain institutional model of governance based on the classical juristic (fiqh) method.</p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p><em>Good Governance</em>, ataupun yang diterjemahkan ke Bahasa Melayu sebagai tatakelola kerajaan yang baik, atau tadbirurus yang baik merupakan satu konsep yang amat popular dewasa ini. Semenjak konsep tersebut dipopularkan oleh Bank Dunia pada tahun 1989, sehingga kini, ia terus menjadi <em>fad du jour</em> (trend ikutan hari ini) oleh ramai pihak. Tatakelola dilihat sebagai satu kemestian bagi setiap kerajaan di dunia. Ia menjadi tema bagi pihak kerajaan yang ada untuk memperbaiki mutu pemerintahan dan pentadbiran mereka, dan juga menjadi senjata bagi pihak pembangkang di peringkat antarabangsa untuk mengkoreksi dan juga menilai kerajaan yang sedia ada. Persoalannya, apakah sikap Islam terhadap konsep tersebut? Dan apakah di dalam ajaran Islam terdapat juga konsep seumpamanya memandangkan Islam merupakan satu ajaran yang komprehensif yang mencakupi bidang keakhiratan dan juga bidang keduniaan? Artikel ringkas ini akan mengupas secara konsepsual pendekatan Tawhidik, keadilan <em>(‘Adl</em>) dan <em>Maqasid al-Shari’ah</em> terhadap isu tatakelola kerajaan yang baik (<em>Good Governance</em>) berteraskan pembacaan induktif kepada sumber epistemology Islam.</p> Maszlee Malik ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/61 Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Elemen Nilai-Nilai Murni, Sikap Dan Tingkahlaku Dalam Pengajaran Dan Pembelajaran: Khas Untuk Pelajar Dan Pendidik Guru http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/62 <p>The purpose of this study is to explore the importance of good values, attitudes and behaviour in teaching and learning. The study established by using Teaching and Learning Guiding Principles Instrument (TLGPI) to look out the reliability and validity of the instrument in generating teaching and learning guiding principles (TLGP). Participants consisted of 350 Malaysian teacher educators from 10 higher teacher education institutions selected. It is an essential instrument to reflect in generating the teaching and learning guiding principles in higher education level in Malaysia. Confirmatory Factor Analysis has validated all five items of Good Values (GV) construct of TLGPI whereby all items indicated high reliability and internal consistency. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis also confirmed that a single factor model was used to generate teaching and learning guiding principles.</p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk meneroka kepentingan elemen nilai-nilai murni, sikap dan tingkah laku dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran. Kajian yang ditubuhkan dengan menggunakan Instrumen Prinsip Panduan Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran (IPPPP) untuk melihat kebolehpercayaan dan kesahan instrumen dalam menjana prinsip panduan pengajaran dan pembelajaran (PPPP). Peserta terdiri daripada 350 pendidik guru Malaysia daripada 10 institusi pengajian tinggi guru terpilih. Ia adalah instrumen penting dalam menjana prinsip panduan pengajaran dan pembelajaran di peringkat pengajian tinggi di Malaysia. Analisis Pengesahan Faktor (APF) telah mengesahkan semua kelima-lima item konstruk Nilai-nilai Murni (NM) IPPPP di mana semua item menyatakan kebolehpercayaan yang tinggi dan konsisten. APF juga mengesahkan bahawa model faktor tunggal telah digunakan untuk menghasilkan prinsip panduan pengajaran dan pembelajaran.</p> Azwani Masuwai ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/62 Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Analisa Syariah Terhadap Konsep dan Jualan Lelong Secara Bisik: Kajian Kes Pasar Bisik Kuala Muda Kedah http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/64 <p>Auction is a sale process practiced by communities by offering goods or services for bid and selling them to the highest bidder. Normally, the auction is implemented openly, but there are some people who did it in secret in which the buyer or bidder will whisper alternately price offered to the seller and followed by the other bidders as what happened in the market mechanism in Kuala Muda Malaysia which called as Pasar Bisik. This paper aimed to examine the extent of compliance of the auction sale conducted by whisper to the Islamic law in terms of fulfillment of the principles and conditions of sale contract. The study found that selling auction by whisper is like an ordinary auction sale practice which made either bright light or in writing even in the online auction, ie when the rules and conditions can be fulfilled and independent of the main elements of which are prohibited; <em>riba, gharar, najsy, <sup>c</sup>urbun and maysir</em>. Rather than that, Islam is very concerned and considering the good habit or practice among the society to make it as a rule based on Islamic legal maxims <em>(al-<sup>c</sup>adat Muhakkamah) and (al-ma<sup>c</sup>ruf <sup>c</sup>urfan ka al-masyrut syartan).</em></p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Lelong adalah salah satu proses jual beli yang diamalkan oleh sebahagian masyarakat untuk memenuhi kehidupan mereka dengan cara menawarkan barang atau (perkhidmatan) untuk dibida, mengambil bida kemudian menjual barang kepada pembida tertinggi. Kebiasaannya lelong dilakasanakan secara terbuka sama ada secara lisan ataupun bertulis. Namun ada juga sesetengah masyarakat yang melakukannya secara bisik di mana pembeli atau pembida akan membisikkan secara bergantian harga barang yang ditawarkan kepada penjual dan dikuti oleh pembida-pembida yang lain sepertimana yang berlaku pada mekanisma pasar bisik di Kuala Muda Malaysia. Oleh itu, kertas kerja ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji sejauh mana kepatuhan jual beli lelong yang dilakukan secara bisik terhadap kehendak syarak dari segi terpenuhinya rukun dan syarat jual beli. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa jual beli lelong secara bisik tak ubahnya seperti praktek jual beli lelong secara tradisional yang dilakukan sama ada secara terang terangan ataupun secara bertulis bahkan lelong di atas talian; iaitu boleh apabila rukun dan syaratnya terpenuhi dan bebas dari elemen utama yang dilarang; riba, gharar, najsy, curbun dan maysir. Selain itu, syarak sangat mengambil berat dan mempertimbangkan aspek kebiasaan atau amalan yang baik yang menjadi tradisi di kalangan masyarakat untuk dijadikan suatu hukum sebagaimana disebutkan dalam kaedah fiqh <em>(al-<sup>c</sup>adat muhakkamah) dan (al-ma<sup>c</sup>ruf <sup>c</sup>urfan ka al-masyrut syartan).</em></p> Aunurrochim Muhamad Mas'ad ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/64 Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000