The Historical Impact on the Valuation of Dowry (Mahr) Rate: Pre and Post-Colonial Eras in Johor

Main Article Content

Muhammad Najib Abd Wakil
Che Maryam Ahmad

Abstract

In Malaysia, the amounts of dowry “mahr” are decided by respective state of Islamic authorities accordingly based on the provision by the Federal Constitution of Malaysia. Study has identified that Johor is among the states with the lowest rate of mahr fixed upon marriage. Hence, the objective of this study is to examine the history and transformation of mahr’s rate in Johor from pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial era. This study employs a qualitative method by using content analysis, historical study, survey study and archival study. This study has also relied upon documents and interview to gain related information. The result of this study has found that the mahr’s rate in Johor was introduced and has not changed since almost a century ago. In fact, there have been some transitional periods of world currencies since that particular rate of mahr was introduced until today. Thus, this study found that the mahr’s rate which was based on the value of gold and silver previously was more beneficial for the people at that particular time as compared to the same rate used under today’s floating fiat currency. Current Mahr’s value of in today’s world is irrelevant as what Islam ruled and aimed from the regulation of mahr. The study suggests that the existing rate of mahr to be revalued in congruity with the current value of a catty of silver which is around RM 1392 as maximum rate and RM 70 as minimum rate according to previous opinion of mahr calculation that has been set in Johor.

Article Details

How to Cite
Abd Wakil, M. N., & Ahmad, C. M. (2017). The Historical Impact on the Valuation of Dowry (Mahr) Rate: Pre and Post-Colonial Eras in Johor. Ulum Islamiyyah, 22, 11-20. Retrieved from http://uijournal.usim.edu.my/index.php/uij/article/view/4
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Muhammad Najib Abd Wakil

Syariah Department, Faculty of Islamic Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, BandarBaru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

ajib.111.mn@gmail.com

Che Maryam Ahmad

Syariah Department, Faculty of Islamic Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

chemaryam14@gmail.com

References

Abdul Ghani Onn. (2004). Adat Perkahwinan Masyarakat Melayu Perlis: Mas Kahwin. Jurnal Warisan Indera Kayangan. (Bil XV1): 3.
Abd Jalil Borham. (2002a). Ahkam Syar’iyyah Johor. Johor: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Abd Jalil Borham. (2002b). Majallah Ahkam Johor: Latar Belakang, Pelaksanaan dan Komentar. Johor: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Abd Jalil Borham. (2002c). Pentadbiran Undang-undang Islam Negeri Johor. Johor: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Abdul Kadir Haji Muhammad. (1996). Sejarah Penulisan Hukum Islam di Malaysia. Selangor: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Abu Bakar Abdullah. (1986). Ke Arah Pelaksanaan Undang-undang Islam di Malaysia: Masalah dan Penyelesaian. Kuala Terengganu: Pustaka Damai.
Administration of Islamic Law (State of Johor) Enactment of 1978.
Administration of Islamic Law (State of Johor) Enactment of 2003.
Ahmad Ibrahim dan Ahilemah Joned. (1985). Sistem Undang-undang di Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Ahmad Ibrahim. (1999). Undang-undang Keluarga Islam di Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Malayan Law Jurnal
Ahmad Ibrahim. (1965). Islamic Law in Malaysia. Singapura: Malaysian Sociological Research Institute.
Ahmad Mohamed Ibrahim. (1997). Pentadbiran Undang-undang Islam di Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Institut Kefahaman Islam Malaysia.
Al-Azhāriyy, Abū Manṣūr Muhammad bin Ahmad. (2001). Mu’jam Tahzīb al-Lughah. 4. Beirut: Dār al-Maᶜrifah.
Al-Jaziriyy, Abd. Rahman. (2001). Al-Fiqh ‘ala al-Mazāhib al-Arba‘ah. 4. Beirut: Dār Ibn Hazm.
Al-Kāssāniyy, ᶜAlauddin Abu Bakr bin Masᶜud. (1986). Kaherah: Dār al-kutub al-ᶜilmiyyah.
Al-Nawawiyy, Yahya bin Sharaf. (1980). Al Majmuᶜ Sharh al-Muhadzab. 2. Damsyik: Dar Al Fikr.
Al-Sābiq, Sayyid. (2000). Fiqh Al Sunnah. 2. Egypt: Dar al Fath li al-Iᶜlam al-ᶜArabi.
Al-Sibāᶜiyy, Musṭafā bin husniyy. (1999). Al Mar’ah baina al Fiqh wa Al qānūn. Beirut: Dar Al warq li al nashr wa al tauziᶜ.
Al-Zuhayliyy, Wahbah. (1989). Al-Fiqh al-Islāmiyy wa Adillatuhu. Damshiq: Dar Al Fikr.
Anwar Zainal Abidin. (2002). “Sejarah Penggunaan Mata Wang Dinar”. Jurnal Ulum Islamiyyah, 1, No.1.
Federal Constitution.
Hanif Md Lateh @ Junid, Izziah Suryani Mat Resad @ Arshad & Ermy Azziaty Rozali. (2011). Sejarah Perkembangan Undang-undang Islam di Johor. Prosiding Nadwah Ulama Nusantara.
Hasbi Haji Muh. Ali. (2013). Mahar sebagai Satu Bentuk Jaminan Sosio-Ekonomi Wanita:Kajian di Tawau Sabah. Disertasi Sarjana, Jabatan Fiqh dan Usul, Akademi Pengajian Islam Universiti Malaysia.
Hassanuddeen A. Aziz. (2009). Dinar Sebagai Mata Wang Mengatasi Krisis Ekonomi Global 2008. Prosiding Seminar Antarabangsa Penjanaan Ekonomi Melalui Transaksi., 109-130.
Hussin Salamon & Zanirah Mustafa. (2009). Perbandingan Ekonomi Kapitalisme dan Sosialisme. Prosiding Seminar Antarabangsa Penjanaan Ekonomi Melalui Transaksi, 133-147.
Ibn Al-Kathīr, Isma`il Ibn `Umar. (2008). Tafsir. Terj M. Abd Ghoffar & Abu Ihsan al-Atsari. Bogor: Pustaka Imam Al-Syafie.
Ibn ᶜAbd al-Bar. (2000). Al Istizkār. Beirut: Dār al- Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.
Ibn Taimiyyah, Taqiyudin Ahmad bin Abd Halim. (2005). Majmūᶜ al Fatāwā. 32. Mesir: Dār al-wafā’.
Islamic Family Law (Federal Territory) Act of 1984.
Islamic Family Law (State of Johor) Enactment of 2003.
Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia. (2010). Data dan Maklumat Kekeluargaan /Sosial Masyarakat Islam di Malaysia (1st ed.). Putrajaya: JAKIM.
Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia. (2016). Senarai Kadar Mas Kahwin di seluruh Malaysia.
Kassim Thukiman. (2011). Sejarah Johor Dalam Pelbagai Perspektif. Johor Bahru: Penerbit UTM Press.
Mohd Khamsul bin Mohamed Debuan. (2017, 9 March). Personal Interview.
Mohd Som bin Sujimon & Abdul Basir bin Mohamad. (2006). Fikah Kekeluargaan. Selangor: Pusat Penyelidikan UIAM.
Muhammad Yusoff Hashim. (1992). The Malay Sultanate of Malacca. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu. (2016). PRPM@ DBP Malaysia. Retrived December 12, 2016, from http://prpm.dbp.gov.my/.
Raihanah Azahari, Khairun Najmi Saripudin, Raihana Abd Wahab. (2009). Hubungan di antara Faktor-faktor Demografi dengan Penentuan Kadar Hantaran: Kajian di Perlis, Pulau Pinang dan Perak. Jurnal Fiqh, 6.
Salmy Edawati Yaacob, Sanep Ahmad & Wan Najihah. (2009). Kestabilan Mata Wang dalam Menangani Krisis Ekonomi: Ke Arah Penggunaan Dinar Emas. Prosiding Seminar Antarabangsa Penjanaan Ekonomi Melalui Transaksi, p. 373-388.
Salmy Edawati Yaacob. (2009). Realiti Semasa Penggunaan Dinar Emas di Malaysia. Prosiding Seminar Antarabangsa Penjanaan Ekonomi Melalui Transaksi. p. 347-360.
Salmy Edawati Yaacob. (2011). Dinar Emas dan Mekanisme Pelaksanaannya dalam Ekonomi Semasa. Tesis Dr. Fal, Fakulti Pengajian Islam, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
Sanep Ahmad. (2009). Dinar Emas: Pilihan Penuh Dilemma. Prosiding Seminar Antarabangsa Penjanaan Ekonomi Melalui Transaksi. p. 53-66.
Shamim Aleem. (2007). Prophet Muhammad(s) and His Family: A Sociological Perspective. Bloomington: IN AuthorHouse.
Siti Nor Ahiasah binti Shafak Ahmad. (2012). Amalan Penetapan Kadar Mahar dalam Kalangan Masyarakat Islam di Daerah Klang, Selangor: Analisis Dari Perspektif Perundangan Islam.Tesis Sarjana. Jabatan Syariah dan Undang-undang, Universiti Malaya.
Utyah, Jarji Shahin. (2007). Mu’jam al-Mu’tamad. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-Ilmiah
Zaini Nasohah, Dr. (2004). Pentadbiran Undang-undang Islam di Malaysia Sebelum dan Menjelang Merdeka. Selangor: Utusan Publications & Distributors Sdn Bhd.
Zaydān, ᶜAbdul Karīm. (1993). Al-Mufassal fī Ahkām al-Mar’ah wa al-bayt al-muslim fī al-sharīᶜah al-Islāmiyyah. 6. Beirut: Muassasah Al-Risālah.