UNSUR PSIKOLOGI DAN TARBIYYAH DALAM GAYA BAHASA PERTANYAAN ALQURAN:
KAJIAN TERHADAP AYAT TUMBUH-TUMBUHAN

THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL ELEMENT IN THE QURAN’S QUESTION
LANGUAGE STYLE: A STUDY ON THE PLANT VERSES


SAIPOLBARIN RAMLI
Corresponding Author
Fakulti Bahasa dan Komunikasi, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900,
Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
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NAZRI ATOH
Fakulti Bahasa dan Komunikasi, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900,
Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
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ZARIMA ZAKARIA
Fakulti Bahasa dan Komunikasi, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900,
Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
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SUO YAN MEI @ FATIMAH
Fakulti Bahasa dan Komunikasi, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900,
Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
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MOHAMMAD SIDIK ARIFFIN
Fakulti Bahasa dan Komunikasi, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900,
Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
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ABSTRAK

Gaya bahasa pertanyaan yang menggunakan unsur tumbuh-tumbuhan adalah antara jenis gaya bahasa pertanyaan yang terdapat dalam Al-Quran. Penggunaan unsur tumbuh-tumbuhan dalam gaya bahasa ini secara tidak langsung turut menyentuh perbincangan dalam aspek psikologi dan tarbiyyah. Unsur psikologi merujuk kepada konteks penggunaan ayat Al-Quran yang dapat memberi kesan positif terhadap jiwa manusia. Manakala unsur tarbiyyah pula merujuk kepada konteks penggunaan ayat Al-Quran dalam mendidik manusia dengan menggunakan nilai kesantunan bahasa. Kajian ini melihat peranan unsur psikologi dan unsur tarbiyyah dalam gaya bahasa Al-Quran dan kesannya terhadap penyampaian mesej kepada manusia. Fokus perbincangan adalah dalam bidang analisis wacana dan al-Balaghat al-‘Arabiyyat. Kajian ini menggunakan metode historis dan metode dokumentari yang mengaplikasikan kaedah pengumpulan data secara kualitatif. Data menunjukkan bahawa elemen psikologi dan tarbiyyah yang terdapat dalam gaya bahasa pertanyaan tumbuh-tumbuhan dalam Al-Quran berperanan untuk memberi kefahaman yang jelas tentang isi kandungan Al-Quran di samping memaparkan aspek ketinggian dan kehalusan gaya bahasa Al-Quran.


Kata kunci: unsur psikologi, unsur tarbiyyah, gaya bahasa pertanyaan, Al-Quran, ayat tumbuh-tumbuhan


ABSTRACT

The question language style that used the plant’s elements is one of the language styles that consist in the Quran. The use of the plant’s elements in the language style at the same time touches the aspect of the psychology and education. The psychological element is referring to the use of the Quran verses in which the context can give positive effects on the person’s soul and spiritual. Whereas the education element is referring to the context by which the Quran discourses are used to educate human with the values from the language. This study look into the role of psychological and educational elements in the language style of the Al-Quran and their effectiveness in convening messages to man. The focus of this research is to study the discourse analysis and the rhetoric of Arab. The data was collected qualitatively using two different methods; the historical method and the documentary method. Both methods are carried out using the library research. The data is anticipated to give a clear understanding of the two elements of psychology and education in the question language style of the Quran. Additionally, they are also used to give a clear understanding of the Quran content and prove that the Quran is a divine revelation from Allah and show the beauty of its language.


Keywords: psychological elements, educational elements, question language style, quran, plant verses

 

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