FATWA KEPENGGUNAAN DI NEGARA BRUNEI DARUSSALAM: SATU ANALISIS
FATWAS ON CONSUMERISM IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM: AN ANALYSIS


MOHD ANUAR RAMLI
Corresponding Author
Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur
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ABDUL QAYYUM AMINUDDIN
Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur
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ABSTRAK

Perkembangan isu-isu kepenggunaan masa kini berlaku selari dengan kepesatan teknologi yang mendorong pengeluar menghasilkan pelbagai jenis produk kepenggunaan untuk memenuhi kehendak semasa. Pengusaha pula berusaha menarik minat pengguna untuk menggunakan produk-produk tersebut bagi mengaut keuntungan. Justeru, fatwa merupakan suatu mekanisme semasa untuk masyarakat Islam mendapatkan penjelasan bagi permasalahan hukum yang timbul agar kehidupan tidak bercanggah dengan hukum syarak. Dengan itu, kajian ini adalah sebagai penerokaan kepada teori konsep fatwa kepenggunaan di samping mengemukakan contoh fatwa-fatwa kepenggunaan yang telah dikeluarkan di Negara Brunei Darussalam. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah dokumentasi, temu bual dan analisis kandungan untuk mengumpul dan menganalisis maklumat. Hasil kajian mendapati fatwa kepenggunaan itu meliputi seluruh aspek berkenaan aktiviti kepenggunaan yang
berkaitan dengan produk barangan makanan, produk barangan bukan makanan dan produk bukan barangan.

Kata kunci: fatwa kepenggunaan, pengguna Islam, halal haram, Brunei

 

ABSTRACT

The development of consumerism issues currently occurring together with the rapid technology that encourage manufacturers to produce a wide range of consumer products to meet the needs of current demand. Furthermore, entrepreneurs are trying to attract consumers to use these products to gain revenue. Thus, the Islamic legal pronouncement (fatwa) is a current mechanism for the Muslim community to seek clarification on arise matters so that their life does not contradict with the Islamic law. Therefore, this study is to explore the theoretical concept of consumerism fatwa along with its examples that have been issued in Brunei Darussalam. Documentation method as well as interview and content analysis method are performed to assist this study as means to gather and analyses data. The finding of this study specifies that consumerism fatwa covers entire aspects pertaining the activity associated with food products, non-food products and non-good products.


Keywords: consumerism fatwa, Islamic consumer, halal haram, Brunei

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